Instructor: Dr. Bruce Law, CW
327, Tel: 532-1618.
E23.8. The same amount of current flows out of a battery or light bulb as into it. Recall that the current is the number of electrons flowing through a circuit per second -- electrons do not accummulate in any part of the circuit, therefore, the outflow must be equal to the inflow.
E23.25. Automobile headlights must be wired in parallel because when one lamp blows the other lamp does not go out.
E23.40. The lightbulbs are identical and therefore have the same resistance. Lightbulb C draws the most current, this is because current I=V/R -- the resistance R is twice as large in line AB (because there are two light bulbs)compared with C, hence, the current in A and B is half the size as the current in C. If bulb A is unscrewed, bulb B will go out and C will remain unchanged. If C is unscrewed, A and B will remain unchanged.
E23.41. In a series circuit, as more bulbs are added, the brightness of each bulb decreases. This is because the resistance R increases which causes the current I through each bulb to decrease (recall I = V/R). In a parallel circuit, as more bulbs are added, the brightness of each bulb remains unchanged – each bulb acts independently of the other bulbs in this case.
P23.2. Resistance = voltage/current = 120/20 = 6 ohms.
P23.3. Current = power/voltage = 1200/120 = 10A. Resistance = voltage/current = 120/10 = 12 ohms.
P23.7. Heat generated from EPE = IVt = 9x110x60 = 59400 J where time t = 60 seconds.
P23.8. Current = charge/time, therefore, charge = current x time = 9A x 60s = 540C.