Overview of Ethics
Ethics are moral values.
There are three levels
Meta-ethics/ ethical theory
-Are there objective values?
Theories of right and wrong
Apply theories to specific issues
-Why talk about theories that are relative?
-What is right and wrong?
Depends on culture
Individual decides what's best
There is no right or wrong
There are objective universal values
Everyone should pursue their own self interest
satisfy everyone as a whole
rightness or wrong is determined by consequences
no action is right or wrong in itself
Pleasure is good; pain is bad
The right action is pleasurable
Bound to do and not to do regardless of consequences
Must fulfill certain duties and forbidden from violating others rights
trys to balance moral intuitions and theory
build theory that systematizes and justifies the intuitions
Apply to new kinds of cases