Neutrino Physics and KamLAND:
Results, Status & Future
Neutrinos are interesting. They have attracted the
interest of particle physicists, nuclear physicists, stellar astrophysicists,
cosmologists, and at least one noted poet. Neutrinos are also important. They
play a fundamental part in the creation of the elements and the power for life
on earth, they provide a way to see parts of the universe that would otherwise
be unobservable, and they provide a serious challenge -- or perhaps a key -- to
a deeper understanding of elementary particles. Many experiments have studied
neutrinos from reactors, accelerators, cosmic rays, and the sun over the last 50
years. Arguably, the most interesting and important time in neutrino studies
dawned in 2002, the "annus mirabilis" of neutrino physics in one author's words.
The Kamioka Liquid scintillator Anti-Neutrino Detector (KamLAND) is an important
part of this wonderful period of neutrino discoveries.
KamLAND is the world's biggest low-energy antineutrino detector, built using 1000 tons of liquid scintillator located 1000 meters underground in a 1000 year old Japanese mine. This talk will describe how it works, what it has already told us, and it will tell us soon about neutrinos, other particles, the sun, and even the earth.
©Copyright 1999 KSU Department of Physics